Psychiatry patients show positive response to structured exercise program

Exercise, rather than psychotropic medications, should be the primary prescription and method of intervention for inpatient mental health and mood disorders, according to a new study published in the journal Global Advances in Health and Medicine.

 Physical exercise is so effective at alleviating patient symptoms that it could reduce patients' time admitted to acute facilities and reliance on psychotropic medications, for disorders ranging from anxiety and depression to schizophrenia, suicidality, and acute psychotic episodes, the study says.

The researchers built a gym exclusively for roughly 100 patients in the medical center's inpatient psychiatry unit and led and introduced 60-minute structured exercise and nutrition education programs into their treatment plans. The psychotherapists surveyed patients on their mood, self-esteem, and self-image both before and after the exercise sessions to gauge the effects of exercise on psychiatric symptoms.

Patients reported lower levels of anger, anxiety and depression, higher self-esteem, and overall improved moods. The researchers found an average of 95 percent of patients reported that their moods improved after doing the structured exercises, while 63 percent of the patients reported being happy or very happy, as opposed to neutral, sad or very sad, after the exercises. An average of 91.8 of patients also reported that they were pleased with the way their bodies felt after doing the structured exercises.

"The general attitude of medicine is that you treat the primary problem first, and exercise was never considered to be a life or death treatment option,” said David Tomasi, PhD, psychotherapist and inpatient psychiatry group therapist at the University of Vermont Medical Center and lead researcher of the study, in a statement. “Now that we know it's so effective, it can become as fundamental as pharmacological intervention.”

Practitioners at inpatient psychiatric facilities, often crowded, acute settings in which patients experience severe distress and discomfort, typically prescribe psychotropic medications first, rather than natural remedies like physical exercise, to alleviate patients' symptoms such as anger, anxiety and depression. Experts estimate that only a handful of inpatient psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. provide psychotherapist-supported gym facilities exclusively for these patients. Instead, practitioners rely on classical psychotherapeutic and pharmacological frameworks to treat psychiatric symptoms, which they monitor to determine when a patient is ready to be discharged from the facility.

"The fantastic thing about these results is that, if you're in a psychotic state, you're sort of limited with what you can do in terms of talk therapy or psychotherapy,” said Tomasi. “It's hard to receive a message through talk therapy in that state, whereas with exercise, you can use your body and not rely on emotional intelligence alone.”

The priority is to provide more natural strategies for the treatment of mood disorders, depression and anxiety, Tomasi said.

“In practice,” he said, “we hope that every psychiatric facility will include integrative therapies, in our case, exercise in particular, as the primary resource for their patients' psycho-physical wellbeing."