Greater need for grief support amid COVID-19, study finds

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People grieving a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) related death would benefit from timely support and care to reduce the high risk of experiencing problems in important areas of everyday life, according to new research published in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

The study focused on psychological factors that explain why people bereaved by COVID-19 might experience challenges in life, work, leisure, and relationships. For the study, researchers surveyed people in the United States who had lost a close person due to COVID-19 and found key psychological factors such as separation distress, dysfunctional grief, and post-traumatic stress explained why they were having trouble coping in these areas.

Existing research shows that grief from deaths during the pandemic was felt more acutely than that following both deaths before the pandemic, and deaths from other natural causes, the researchers said. This exacerbation of grief is due to the necessary restrictions that affect people's access to dying loved ones, limit their participation in important rituals like funerals, and reduce the physical social support they would otherwise receive from friends and family.

"There is a real need for strategies such as the integration of psychological care into palliative care to facilitate efficient and cost-effective means of supporting people who are grieving," said Lauren Breen, PhD, FT, BSc(Hons), lead author of the study and an associate professor from the Curtin School of Population Health, in a statement. "Better screening and assessment of bereaved people is also required, along with more accessible support services, development of improved therapies and grief interventions, and an increased number of grief specialists in the workforce."

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